If you do not want to name the author in the text, start the citation with their last name in parentheses at the end of the quote or the information you wish to cite. If there is more than one author, list their last names, separated by commas. If there are 6 or more authors for the paper, include the last name of the first author listed and then write "et al. For example, you may write, "'This is a quote' Minaj et al. Write the name of the organization if there is no author. If you are quoting from a research paper or article with no author, look for the name of the organization that published the paper.
Use words from the title in quotation marks if there is no author or organization. If you cannot find an author or an organization that published the paper, you can use the first words of the title of the paper instead. Include the year of publication for the paper. Place a comma between the author or title of the paper and the publication date.
Note the page number where the quote or information appears in the paper. Count the paragraphs in the paper and number them in order. Determine that your source is published. Note the author of the paper by last name and first 2 initials. Place a comma between the author's full last name and their first and second initials if you know them.
If there are multiple authors, list them by last name and then their initials, separated by a comma. Include the year the paper was published in parentheses, followed by a period.
Put a period between the author or organization name and the publication year for the research paper or article. List the title of the paper.
Step 2: Determine Keywords
Include the entire title of the research paper or article in the citation. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word in the title, as well as any proper nouns. Crustaceans: Research and data. Cervical cancer rates in women ages Note the title of the publication in which the paper appears. Modern Journal of Malacostracan Research, 25, A comparative study of modern Dutch cow creamers.
Guides for writing research papers
Travers Ed. London: Wimble Press. Include the website where you retrieved the paper if it is web-based. Effect of vitamin D replacement on depression in multiple sclerosis patients. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 29, Egypt in the Ptolemaic Period. Determine that your source is unpublished. First, make sure that your source is definitely considered unpublished. Types of unpublished papers include: Print-only dissertations or theses. Articles or book chapters that are in press or have been recently prepared or submitted for publication.
Can I include pictures and graphs in a research paper
Papers that have been rejected for publication or were never intended for publication such as student research papers or unpublished conference papers. Indicate the status of papers that are in the process of publication. Ask if it's a good time to talk or if they prefer to make an appointment for a better time.
If you make the interview convenient for the expert, they'll be more willing to share information with you. Keep it short and to the point. Take very good notes. Watch for quotable remarks and get them down exactly right. Ask your expert to repeat a quote if necessary. Repeat the part you wrote down, and ask them to finish the thought if you didn't get the whole thing. Using a tape recorder or recording app is a great idea, but ask first, and remember that it takes time to transcribe them. Be sure to get the correct spelling of names and titles.
I know a woman whose name is Mikal. Don't assume. The Internet is an amazing place to learn all kinds of things, but be careful.
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Check your sources. Verify the truth of the information. There is a lot of stuff online that is merely someone's opinion and not fact. Use various search engines. You'll get different results from Google, Yahoo, Dogpile, or any other of the many engines out there. Look for dated material only.
Many articles don't include a date. The information could be new or 10 years old. Use reputable sources only, and be sure to attribute any information you use to the source. You can do this in footnotes or by stating, " Libraries are fabulous founts of information. Ask a librarian to help you find information on your topic. There may be areas in the library with which you're unfamiliar. That's what librarians do. They help people find the right books. When using printed work of any kind, write down the source -- the author's name and title, the name of the publication, everything you need for an accurate bibliography.
If you write it down in bibliography format, you'll save time later. There are variations. Check your trusty grammar book. I know you have one. If you don't, get one. By now you have notes galore and have started to form an idea of the main point of your paper. What is the core of the issue? If you had to condense everything you learned down to one sentence, what would it say? That's your thesis.