Below are some examples of how to reference these common source types. Be careful to note the differences in how APA handles publication names, depending on whether your source is a book or a periodical. A journal may be paginated by volume and issue, or only by volume. If the journal does not assign issue numbers, you may simply use the volume number. Also, only the first word of the title of an article should be capitalized. If the title has two parts and uses a colon : , capitalize the first word after the colon.
The general format to follow for journal articles is as follows:. The DOI is a digital object identifier, which is a numeric or alpha-numeric string of characters that provide a unique link to the original source.
While urls to a specific article may change over time, DOIs are regarded as stable and long lasting, making them the preferred method for linking digital resources. If your DOI appears as a url, simply paste the url into your reference list.
Thesis/Dissertation – Reference List | APA Style Guide | Citefast
When citing a book, the title of the publication is italicized and only the first letter and first letter following a colon is capitalized. The location should always include the city and state abbreviation. The general format is as follows:. When citing a chapter or essay with its own individual author that appears in an edited book—that is, an editor or editors are listed on the cover, but each individual chapter is written by a different author—your in-text citation should always reflect the author of the chapter rather than the editor.
The format for a chapter or essay in an edited book is as follows note the different format for page numbers :. The examples above, while common, are just a few of many different types of sources. You may also encounter website reports, interviews, magazine articles, dictionary entries, and many more. Additionally, finding the requisite information needed to have a complete reference entry can sometimes be challenging. Google Scholar can be a helpful resource for finding more information about your source to ensure that your reference entry is complete.
Let our professional team handle the APA style editing and formatting tasks for you, allowing you to focus on your research! Facebook Facebook. Get PhD-Level Help info dissertation-editor. How to Format References in APA Style Your reference list is a crucial part of your dissertation or thesis as it allows your readers to locate and retrieve your cited sources. One Author vs. Multiple Authors In your APA reference list, the format of a reference entry depends on the number of authors of a given source.
Common Types of Sources In addition to the number of authors, the type of source you are referencing also determines how you should format your entry. The general format to follow for journal articles is as follows: Note that per APA style, if your source has a DOInumber assigned to it, you must include it in your reference list. An example of an article paginated by both volume and issue, with a DOI available: Books When citing a book, the title of the publication is italicized and only the first letter and first letter following a colon is capitalized.
The general format is as follows: When citing a chapter or essay with its own individual author that appears in an edited book—that is, an editor or editors are listed on the cover, but each individual chapter is written by a different author—your in-text citation should always reflect the author of the chapter rather than the editor. The format for a chapter or essay in an edited book is as follows note the different format for page numbers : Additional APA Style Resources The examples above, while common, are just a few of many different types of sources.
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May, B. A survey of radial velocities in the zodiacal dust cloud. Bristol, England: Canopus Publishing. Thesis from a full text database. Bari, M. A distributed conceptual model for stream salinity generation processes : A systematic data-based approach. Search this Guide Search. Format Standard format for citation Unpublished: Author, A. Published: Author, A. From a full text database: Author, A. Examples Thesis in print: Unpublished Hos, J. Thesis in print: Published May, B. Thesis from a full text database Bari, M.